页面静态化

页面内容的拆分

Artboard 1.png

  1. 静态内容

  2. 非状态相关的动态内容

  3. 状态相关的动态内容

HInclude CSI

用于pc或者h5页面

<hx:include src="/_fragment?path="></hx:include>

Varnish ESI

多用于app api的接口返回

vcl 4.0;

import directors;

backend server1 {
    .host = "10.162.110.168";
    .port = "80";
}

acl local {
    "localhost";
}

sub vcl_init {
    new director = directors.round_robin();
    director.add_backend(server1);
}

sub vcl_recv {
    set req.backend_hint = director.backend();

    if (req.method == "PURGE") {
        if (client.ip ~ local) {
            return (purge);
        } else {
            return (synth(405));
        }
    }

    if (req.http.Accept == "text/event-stream") {
        return (pipe);
    }

    if (req.http.upgrade ~ "(?i)websocket") {
        return (pipe);
    }

    if (req.method != "GET" && req.method != "HEAD") {
        return (pass);
    }

    set req.http.Surrogate-Capability = "abc=ESI/1.0";
    if (req.http.X-Forward-For) {
        set req.http.X-Forward-For = req.http.X-Forward-For + "," + client.ip;
    } else {
        set req.http.X-Forward-For = client.ip;
    }
    return (hash);
}

sub vcl_backend_response {
    if (beresp.http.Surrogate-Control ~ "ESI/1.0") {
        unset beresp.http.Surrogate-Control;
        set beresp.do_esi = true;
    }

    if (bereq.uncacheable) {
        return (deliver);
    }

    set beresp.grace = 30s;

    # 302 5xx no cache
    if (beresp.status == 302 || beresp.status >= 500) {
        set beresp.uncacheable = true;
        set beresp.ttl = 120s;
        return (deliver);
    }

    if (beresp.status == 301 || (beresp.status >= 400 && beresp.status < 500)) {
        set beresp.ttl = 120s;
    } else {
        set beresp.ttl = 2400s;
    }

    unset beresp.http.Set-Cookie;
    return (deliver);
}

sub vcl_pipe {
    if (req.http.upgrade) {
        set bereq.http.upgrade = req.http.upgrade;
    }
    return (pipe);
}

sub vcl_deliver {
    set resp.http.X-Age = resp.http.Age;
    unset resp.http.Age;
    unset resp.http.Via;
    unset resp.http.X-Powered-By;
    unset resp.http.X-Varnish;

    if (obj.hits > 0) {
        set resp.http.X-Cache="HIT from " + server.hostname;
    } else {
        set resp.http.X-Cache="MISS";
    }

    return (deliver);
}

workflow

  1. varnish 接收到请求后,增加 Surrogate-Capability:abc=ESI/1.0 头,打到后端

  2. 后端判断Surrogate-Capability决定是否要使用esi标签来返回 (即判断这个请求是不是从varnish过来的)

  3. 返回内容时判断是否含有 <esi:include,增加 Surrogate-Control:content="ESI/1.0"

  4. varnish 判断 Surrogate-Control 头,决定是否要启用 esi 替换

后端应用中的处理

  1. 生成路由url /_fragment?path=

    • <hx:include src="/_fragment?path="></hx:include>

    • <esi:include src="/_fragment?path="></esi:include>

  2. 注册处理 /_fragment 路由

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